Human Society & Its Environment (HSIE)

All students will study this mandatory subject across Year 9 and 10, developing the skills and understanding of the content and skills as presented in the NSW syllabus for the national curriculum. 


The Stage 5 Geography course focuses on the interactions between people, places and their environments. In addition to spatial understanding, the Geography course develops important analytical and research skills that are important for higher education and provide a foundation for continued study in subjects as varied as Geography, Economics and Biology in the HSC or the IB Diploma Programme. 

The study of Geography helps students to:

  • Understand the world and how it is changing due to complex issues such as climate change, migration and resource depletion
  • Communicate more effectively using written, oral and graphic forms
  • Understand different cultural and ecological management perspectives
  • Develop critical thinking skills
  • Collect, organise and analyse data
  • Problem solve
  • Become an active citizen

In Stage 5 students are provided with a study of the history of the making of the modern world from 1750 to 1945. This was a period of industrialisation and rapid change in the ways people lived, worked and thought. 

Topics studied include:

  • The Industrial Revolution
  • World War I
  • World War II
  • Rights and Freedoms (Australian Indigenous rights and the Civil Rights Movement)
  • The Holocaust

Find out more

Visit the NESA website